Bronze travelers: Monuments to Russian writers abroad
Around the world with Pushkin
Among the most famous mementos to Alexander Pushkin is the monument in the city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the likely birthplace of at least one of Pushkin’s ancestors. Historians believe that Abraham Hannibal, the Arab servant of Peter the Great, was kidnapped as a child, taken to the slave market, and finally brought to Russia. After becoming the czar’s subject, Hannibal was christened, and later became a general. It was his grandson who became the most famous Russian poet.
Monuments to Pushkin are located in Austria (1 monument), Belgium (1), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), Germany (3) Greece (1), Egypt (1), India (1), Spain (1), Italy (1), Canada (2), China (2), Cuba (1), Mexico (1), Republic of Korea (1), Romania (1), Slovakia (1), United States (3), Turkey (1), France (1), Montenegro (1).
The first and only monument to the poet in Africa, it was unveiled in Addis Ababa in 2002. Pushkin's poems were read at the opening ceremony and Ethiopian guards marched on the nearby street, also named after Pushkin. (The book “Under the Sky of My Africa” from Northwestern University Press delves into the significance of Pushkin’s African heritage.)
The monument to Pushkin in Shanghai, China, was first erected 77 years ago under difficult circumstances. Opera singer Fyodor Chaliapin helped raise funds for the statue when he toured China, as did the acclaimed cabaret singer Alexander Vertinsky, who lived there in 1937.
Vertinsky had immigrated to the U.S. only to discover the poverty of the Great Depression; he then joined the Shanghai Russian community before moving back to Russia. The monument was torn down during the Japanese occupation of the city in 1941, only to be restored after the liberation of Shanghai and the end of World War II in 1945.
The monument to Pushkin by in Shanghai. Source: Yuriy Abramochkin / RIA Novosti
There are 94 Pushkin monuments at home in Russia, and some of them are quite eccentric: An attractive monument to Pushkin and his wife Natalia Goncharova stands on the main street of Krasnoyarsk. However it is awkwardly engraved with a quote taken from the poem, "I remember a wonderful moment" – a verse dedicated to his mistress, Anna Kern.
Pushkin in America
The famous Washington, D.C., monument to Pushkin is the first of its kind in the United States. The work was dedicated in 2000 with great fanfare and resides on the campus of George Washington University. The statue, constructed by Alexander Bourganov, was heralded as a sign of goodwill between the two countries two centuries after Pushkin’s birth.
Bronze Pushkin in the campus of George Washington University. Source: Reuters
In 2012, a monument to Leo Tolstoy was also unveiled in Washington. The bust, designed by Gregory Pototsky, was placed at American University — not to be outdone by George Washington University — to promote cultural awareness between U.S. and Russian students. Russian Ambassador Sergei Kislyak spoke at the ceremony, noting that he hoped American students might learn more about what “Russia really is, and what it is not.”
A monument to Leo Tolstoy in Washington, D.C. Source: pototsky.ru
In 2011, a vast figure of poet Joseph Brodsky was erected in Moscow across from the U.S. Embassy. It was the city of Moscow administration’s idea that the statue should face the embassy grounds.
A monument to Brodsky in Moscow. Source: PhotoXpress
We looked for a place for a long time,” Alexander Kuzmin, Moscow chief architect, told RBTH in 2011. “We looked to see where the relatives of the poet lived. Then we asked ourselves a question: What most of all links Brodsky and Moscow? And we understood — the American embassy; from there he left the U.S.S.R.”
More monuments of Russian writers abroad
Fyodor Dostoevsky’s monument by Alexander Rukavishnikov was opened in 2006 in Dresden, a city the author often visited. He even lived there for a time, writing "The Eternal Husband" and "Demons."
A monument to Anton Chekhov was erected the same year in Nice, France. The monument was donated by the International Academy of Kindness, Russian House in Nice and is located near the hotel "Oasis" where Chekhov lived.
A monument to the writer Ivan Turgenev and the singer Pauline Viardot, symbolizing "the most perfect example of love in the 19th century" was erected in Buzhevale, France, in 2010. Vladimir Nabokov and his wife Vera spent 16 years in Le Montreux Palace. On the writer’s centenary in 1999, a monument by the sculptor Rukavishnikov appeared opposite the hotel.