The futuristic postcards were drawn in 1914, just a few months before World War I broke out. This is how visionaries of the early 20th century portrayed Moscow’s future.
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Central Railway Station
According to the early 20th century railway station design, it was supposed to combine the three existing stations in a single one. It was presumed that the new station will be based in the centre of Moscow close to the Kremlin walls and the Red Square.
“The winter is just like those we saw 200 years ago. The snow is as white and cold as back then. The Central Land and Air Communications Station. Tens of thousands of arrivals and departures: everything runs smoothly, conveniently and in order. Passengers can even travel at the speed of telegrams, if they wish.”
"Red Square. Wings fluttering, trams clattering, bicycle bells ringing, cars honking, engines revving, people shouting… Minin and Pozharsky. Shadows of dirigibles. A policeman with a sabre stands in the middle of the square. Pedestrians shelter from the bustle on the site where executions used to be carried out. This is what we will see in some 200 years.”
According to a construction design for the Moscow metro from the early 20th century, an aboveground metro line was to be built virtually along the Kremlin wall, across the whole of Red Square.
St. Petersburg Highway (Note: now Leningradsky Avenue)
“A beautiful clear winter day in 2259. A cozy spot of merry ‘old’ Moscow – the ancient Yar still attracts Muscovites for open air festivities, just as in our times, more than 300 years previously. For pleasure and convenience, the St. Petersburg Highway has been turned into crystal clear ice on which graceful aerosleighs glide swiftly by. Between them, the traditional aerial sbiten and hot roll peddlers scuttle on small aerosledges. Moscow honours its traditions even in the 23rd century.”
“Let us move over in our minds to the Petrovsky Park. Its lanes have been widened beyond recognition. The old Petrovsky Palace has been restored and now houses a Museum of the Peter the Great’s Era. Fabulous sparkling fountains are spurting everywhere. Dirigibles and aeroplanes cut through the clear air, totally free from any microbes and dust. Crowds wearing bright 23rd century clothing enjoy nature precisely where we, their great-great-grandfathers, used to walk.”
“Bustling, noisy banks of the great navigable Moskva River. The clear deep waters of a large commercial port handle huge transport and commercial cruisers and multi-storey passenger steamships. The world has only commercial fleets; naval fleets were abolished by The Hague Peace Treaty. In the noisy roaring haven, you can see variegated national costumes from all over the world, since the Moskva River has become a global commercial port.”
“Teatralnaya Square. With the pace of life accelerating a hundred fold, wheeled, winged, propelled and other vehicles flash by in split seconds. The Mur and Merlis Trading House, which was already there in 1846, has now grown unbelievably, with its main departments linked to numerous aerial railways. Cars rush from beneath the pavement. Smoke is seen in the distance. We can see a motorised fire fighting vehicle, which will soon put an end to the disaster. Biplanes, monoplanes and a great number of airborne cabs also hurry in the direction of the fire.”
“A fair evening descends on Lubyanskaya Square. The sharp lines of gleaming aeroplanes, dirigibles and aerial railway carriages cut across the blue sky. Long carriages of the Moscow Metro, merely an idea today, in 1914, shoot out from beneath the square. Gallant Russian troops are lined up on the bridge in neat rows, in uniforms retained from our times. In the blue air overhead, we can see Einem’s cargo dirigible carrying a supply of chocolates to Tula to replenish the stock of local retail outlets.”