RBTH RBTH RBTH RBTH RBTH RBTH RBTH RBTH RBTH
A gift from the sun set in stone The Khanty taiga dwellers: breeding deers, reading tracks

A Forgotten Moscow: the charms & characters of 1935

The Norwegian photographer Eirik Sundvor memorialized 1935 Soviet Moscow. Many of his photographs have been kept in the Trondheim Municipal Archive (Norway's third largest city, also known by its former name of Nidaros). These photographs show the Russian capital in a way that modern inhabitants have long forgotten: the city is composed of two-story wooden houses, horse-drawn carriages carry passengers just like cars do now, and Communist parades are held on Red Square...
Scroll down to see more

Trondheim Municipal Archive

The Norwegian photographer Eirik Sundvor memorialized 1935 Soviet Moscow. Many of his photographs have been kept in the Trondheim Municipal Archive (Norway's third largest city, also known by its former name of Nidaros). These photographs show the Russian capital in a way that modern inhabitants have long forgotten: the city is composed of two-story wooden houses, horse-drawn carriages carry passengers just like cars do now, and Communist parades are held on Red Square...
Eirik Sundvor (1902 - 1992) was a journalist for the Norwegian newspaper "Nidaros" from 1924-1940 and 1945-1957. During World War II, he escaped to England with his wife.

Trondheim Municipal Archive

Eirik Sundvor (1902 - 1992) was a journalist for the Norwegian newspaper "Nidaros" from 1924-1940 and 1945-1957. During World War II, he escaped to England with his wife.
While in London, he worked on the editing board of the Norsk Tidend newspaper, the official newspaper of the Norse government in exile. In 1957, he returned to Bergen where he worked as a correspondent for the Dagbladet newspaper.

Trondheim Municipal Archive

While in London, he worked on the editing board of the Norsk Tidend newspaper, the official newspaper of the Norse government in exile. In 1957, he returned to Bergen where he worked as a correspondent for the Dagbladet newspaper.
On May 15, 1935, the first line of the Moscow Metro opened-from Sokolniki station to Gorky Park (Park Kultury Station), running through the Kremlin and Red Square.

Trondheim Municipal Archive

On May 15, 1935, the first line of the Moscow Metro opened-from Sokolniki station to Gorky Park (Park Kultury Station), running through the Kremlin and Red Square.
Sign on the wall "Politburo conversations and questions regarding the second Five-Year Plan (the USSR's five-year economic planning periods) happening here."

Trondheim Municipal Archive

Sign on the wall "Politburo conversations and questions regarding the second Five-Year Plan (the USSR's five-year economic planning periods) happening here."
A gathering on Red Square. In Soviet times, gatherings and demonstrations were held for many reasons. They mostly glorified the government and Communist Party. For example, the opening of the 1935 Moscow Metro was met with large crowds and thunderous applause.

Trondheim Municipal Archive

A gathering on Red Square. In Soviet times, gatherings and demonstrations were held for many reasons. They mostly glorified the government and Communist Party. For example, the opening of the 1935 Moscow Metro was met with large crowds and thunderous applause.
On November 25, 1935, the first ruby red Kremlin star was installed on the Kremlin's Spasskaya Tower.

Trondheim Municipal Archive

On November 25, 1935, the first ruby red Kremlin star was installed on the Kremlin's Spasskaya Tower.
When Russia still had an emperor, the Kremlin's towers were topped by two-headed eagles. After Bolsheviks came to power, Vladimir Lenin insisted on their dismantlement. However, this was not done at that time for various reasons.

Trondheim Municipal Archive

When Russia still had an emperor, the Kremlin's towers were topped by two-headed eagles. After Bolsheviks came to power, Vladimir Lenin insisted on their dismantlement. However, this was not done at that time for various reasons.
It was only in 1935, by special instructions from the government, that the first ruby red stars-decorated in gold and gems from the Urals-were created. Prior to being installed, they were on view to all Soviet people at Gorky Park.

Trondheim Municipal Archive

It was only in 1935, by special instructions from the government, that the first ruby red stars-decorated in gold and gems from the Urals-were created. Prior to being installed, they were on view to all Soviet people at Gorky Park.
In this year, Oleg Tabakov, actor and the artistic director of the Chekhov Moscow Artistic Theater, was born in Russia this year.

Trondheim Municipal Archive

In this year, Oleg Tabakov, actor and the artistic director of the Chekhov Moscow Artistic Theater, was born in Russia this year.
"Life has become better, life has become happier!" was a widespread version of the phrase first spoken by Joseph Stalin on November 17, 1935, in his address to the First All-Soviet Meeting of Workers.

Trondheim Municipal Archive

"Life has become better, life has become happier!" was a widespread version of the phrase first spoken by Joseph Stalin on November 17, 1935, in his address to the First All-Soviet Meeting of Workers.
This photograph was made in the Gorky Park for Culture and Recreation (this is the name under which parks were opened in 10 cities of the Soviet Union).

Trondheim Municipal Archive

This photograph was made in the Gorky Park for Culture and Recreation (this is the name under which parks were opened in 10 cities of the Soviet Union).
The park hosted many mass events and exhibitions. In honor of the 40th anniversary of Alexei Maksimovich Gorky's community and literary work, the park earned its name in 1932. Ever since then, it has been named Gorky Park.

Trondheim Municipal Archive

The park hosted many mass events and exhibitions. In honor of the 40th anniversary of Alexei Maksimovich Gorky's community and literary work, the park earned its name in 1932. Ever since then, it has been named Gorky Park.
Gorky Park was opened in 1928. It is located at Krymsky Val and situated just across the Moskva River from Park Kultury Metro Station. The Park was planned by Konstantin Melnikov, a world-famous Soviet avant-garde and constructivist architect.

Trondheim Municipal Archive

Gorky Park was opened in 1928. It is located at Krymsky Val and situated just across the Moskva River from Park Kultury Metro Station. The Park was planned by Konstantin Melnikov, a world-famous Soviet avant-garde and constructivist architect.
A logical conclusion in the Iron Curtain's construction came in the form of a June 9, 1935, law by Joseph Stalin. According to the law, running across the border was deemed an offense punishable by death. The law stipulated that the runner's relatives would also be deemed criminals.

Trondheim Municipal Archive

A logical conclusion in the Iron Curtain's construction came in the form of a June 9, 1935, law by Joseph Stalin. According to the law, running across the border was deemed an offense punishable by death. The law stipulated that the runner's relatives would also be deemed criminals.
In 1935, the Soviet Union sold its part of the Chinese Far Eastern Railroad (in Manchuria) to Japan.

Trondheim Municipal Archive

In 1935, the Soviet Union sold its part of the Chinese Far Eastern Railroad (in Manchuria) to Japan.
The Franco-Soviet and Czechoslovak-Soviet Treaties of Mutual Assistance, lasting for five years, were signed in 1935.

Trondheim Municipal Archive

The Franco-Soviet and Czechoslovak-Soviet Treaties of Mutual Assistance, lasting for five years, were signed in 1935.
January 14, 2014
Tags: soviet union

Read more

 Back to top