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Russian Megafactories: The Sukhoi Su-30, 70 kilometers length of wires

The Sukhoi Su-30 is a two-seat fourth generation fighter aircraft. It’s manufactured at the Irkutsk Aviation Factory (IAF). The company has produced more than 7,000 aircraft of 20 different types during its time of operation.
By Slava Stepanov / GELIO, special to RBTH
The Sukhoi Su-30 is a two-seat fourth generation fighter aircraft. It’s manufactured at the Irkutsk Aviation Factory (IAF). The company has produced more than 7,000 aircraft of 20 different types during its time of operation since 1932.
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Slava Stepanov / GELIO

The Sukhoi Su-30 is a two-seat fourth generation fighter aircraft. It’s manufactured at the Irkutsk Aviation Factory (IAF). The company has produced more than 7,000 aircraft of 20 different types during its time of operation since 1932.
Irkutsk Aviation Factory supplies aircraft to 37 countries around the world. In addition to the Su-30MK (which stands for modernized and commercial) and the Su-30 SM (modernized, serial) airplanes, the factory manufactures the Yak-130 training fighter aircraft and airplane parts for Airbus. Furthermore, the company is beginning production on the MS-21 passenger airliner.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

Irkutsk Aviation Factory supplies aircraft to 37 countries around the world. In addition to the Su-30MK (which stands for modernized and commercial) and the Su-30 SM (modernized, serial) airplanes, the factory manufactures the Yak-130 training fighter aircraft and airplane parts for Airbus. Furthermore, the company is beginning production on the MS-21 passenger airliner.
The Su-30SM is a two-seat fourth generation fighter aircraft based on the Su-27. It is the first super-maneuverable serial aircraft in the world.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

The Su-30SM is a two-seat fourth generation fighter aircraft based on the Su-27. It is the first super-maneuverable serial aircraft in the world.
Here are some of its technical specifications. The plane has a service ceiling of 16,300 meters, can fly a maximum range of 3,000 kilometers, and can reach a top speed of 2,125 km/hour.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

Here are some of its technical specifications. The plane has a service ceiling of 16,300 meters, can fly a maximum range of 3,000 kilometers, and can reach a top speed of 2,125 km/hour.
The Irkutsk Aviation Factory is one of the most well-known aviation construction centers in Russia and is part of the Irkut corporation.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

The Irkutsk Aviation Factory is one of the most well-known aviation construction centers in Russia and is part of the Irkut corporation.
Constructing a single plane is a technically complex process that is split into many small steps. Every section of the Irkutsk Aviation Factory completes its own part of the technological chain.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

Constructing a single plane is a technically complex process that is split into many small steps. Every section of the Irkutsk Aviation Factory completes its own part of the technological chain.
A special solution is applied to the plane’s parts, followed by a powder that helps identify defects that can only be seen in ultraviolet light.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

A special solution is applied to the plane’s parts, followed by a powder that helps identify defects that can only be seen in ultraviolet light.
IAF’s specialist are working on developing MC-21 freight and passenger planes for Russian and international airlines. The first test-flight model was constructed in January 2014. The factory plans to produce 65 aircraft per year by 2018.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

IAF’s specialist are working on developing MC-21 freight and passenger planes for Russian and international airlines. The first test-flight model was constructed in January 2014. The factory plans to produce 65 aircraft per year by 2018.
The overall length of wires in the Yak-130 stretches 30 kilometers, while there are more than 70 kilometers in the Su-30.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

The overall length of wires in the Yak-130 stretches 30 kilometers, while there are more than 70 kilometers in the Su-30.
2,500 employees work at the factory today. The average age of employees is 40 years old.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

2,500 employees work at the factory today. The average age of employees is 40 years old.
In 2004, as part of an international industrial cooperation program, Irkut signed contracts with Airbus to supply parts for the A320 line of aircraft.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

In 2004, as part of an international industrial cooperation program, Irkut signed contracts with Airbus to supply parts for the A320 line of aircraft.
On average, a third of A320 planes are fitted with parts manufactured at IAF.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

On average, a third of A320 planes are fitted with parts manufactured at IAF.
Before leaving the factory, each aircraft must pass a flight acceptance test.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

Before leaving the factory, each aircraft must pass a flight acceptance test.
In 2013, the factory had revenues in the amount of 58 billion rubles (2 billion dollars). The volume of Su-30MKI exports alone accounts for more than 10 billion rubles.

Slava Stepanov / GELIO

In 2013, the factory had revenues in the amount of 58 billion rubles (2 billion dollars). The volume of Su-30MKI exports alone accounts for more than 10 billion rubles.
November 6, 2014
Tags: aviation, aircraft, russian megafactories

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