What are Russia's radio-electronic warfare resources capable of?
Russia has successfully tested a radio-electronic weapon that has no rival in the world, Russian mass media sources have reported, citing representatives of the Rostec Corporation, the state-owned producer of industrial products.
For now the new weapon models are classified as "top secret" and only Russia's highest command has seen them, during private exhibitions at the Army 2016 and Army High-Tech 2016 International Military-Technical Forums.
The Rostec Corporation was able to only partially shed light on the new model's potential when asked for comment by RBTH. Leonid Khozin, the company's press secretary, said that the new weapon consists of electronic equipment that operates on a wavelength principle.
"It incapacitates electronics and other onboard equipment on enemy planes, drones and high-precision weapons. This is land equipment. At the same time it can withstand land, sea and air attacks," explained Khozin.
He remarked that the device "strikes" targets many kilometers away, but declined to provide further comments, citing state secrecy.
Which Russian forces use radio-electronic weapons?
In the words of military observer from the Gazeta.ru publication Mikhail Khodarenko, such systems are used in the radio-electronic warfare division and the possibility to remotely "switch off a missile" before its launch is one of the decisive factors for winning in modern warfare.
"Combat electronics is capable of winning the war before its ‘official’ beginning. It is enough to turn on the system that electronically suppresses the enemy's aiming, guiding, radar and communications systems and not one combat unit will move from where it stands. The unit will not be able to react to shelling and will thus be destroyed in the first minutes of battle," said Khodarenko.
In military circles, both in Russia and abroad, such forces are usually not talked about in public. In the army they are included in the communication subunits.
The reason is that it is necessary for them to carry out their functions in a way that is hidden from enemy eyes.
Russian radio-electronic warfare systems in the Syrian campaign
Radio-electronic warfare systems are used not only as an "attack" resource but also to make forces invisible to the enemy's missiles and planes during combat.
For example, Russia’s Ka-52 combat helicopters, which were first "baptized" in the skies over Syria, have been equipped with the Vitebsk and the President individual protection systems.
Combat use of the Ka-52 in Syria. Video by YouTube
"They cause interference for missiles with optical and infrared homing warheads, creating particular electronic ‘traps’ in the range of interference. They also inform the pilot of the approaching enemy missile. Depending on the type of warhead, they can turn it off from its trajectory as it's flying towards the target," said editor-in-chief of Arsenal Otechestva (Arsenal of the Fatherland) magazine Viktor Murakhovsky.
It is possible to illustrate the potential of the radio-electronic warfare systems installed in helicopters on similar radar systems used for protection from heat-seeking missiles.
In an incident in the suburbs of Aleppo recorded by fighters from the Authenticity and Development Front, a moderate opposition division supported by the U.S., they opened fire on a Syrian Russian-made Mi-17 military transportation helicopter using a Igla-1 anti-aircraft missile system, also made in Russia.
It can clearly be seen how the electronics reacted.
Militants fire unsuccessfully on an Mi-17 helicopter from an Igla missile system in Syria. Video by YouTube
Also, according to Murakhovsky, Krasukha-4 radio-electronic warfare systems have been deployed around Russia’s Khmeimim air base for incapacitating wiretapping and the enemy's weapon aiming systems. The Krasukha-4 "covers" all the enemy's locator systems and they can't already see targets at a distance of 250 kilometers (155 miles).
"In Russia, radio-electronic warfare systems have always been very developed. Their main problem is the ‘elemental base.’ It is known that Russia cannot produce the best high-technology models because of international norms. But concerning radio-electronic warfare systems (super-high frequency, gallium arsenide and power components), Russia is doing very well," said Murakhovsky.
Experts believe that by 2020, 70 percent of Russia's radio-electronics warfare fleet will have been re-equipped with new models.